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Laser Cutting Machine The Relationship And Function Of The Components
Oct 13, 2017

Laser cutting machine equipment is mainly machine, light, electricity, integration. The whole system is mainly by: machine parts, laser + external light path components, CNC system and console electrical control part of these three parts, and then equipped with ancillary equipment: regulated power supply, chillers, gas cylinders, air compressors, gas storage tanks, cooling dryers, filters, exhaust dust machine, Slag-discharging machine is a complete set of equipment system integration.

Laser cutting machine parts of the role of the following:

1, machine tool host part: Laser cutting machine parts, the realization of x, Y, Z axis of the movement of mechanical parts, including cutting work platform. It is used to place the cut workpiece and can be moved according to the control procedure correctly and accurately, usually driven by the servo motor.

2. Laser generator: A device for producing a laser light source.

3, External light path: laser cutting machine refraction reflector, used to guide the laser direction required. In order to ensure that the beam path does not malfunction, all mirrors should protect the shield and pass into the clean positive pressure protection gas to protect the lens from contamination.

4, CNC system: Control machine to achieve x, Y, Z axis movement, but also control the laser cutting machine output power.

5, voltage-stabilized power supply: connected in the laser, CNC machine tools and power supply system. Mainly to prevent external power network interference.

6, cutting head: mainly including cavity, focus lens seat, Focus mirror, capacitive sensor and auxiliary gas nozzle and other parts. The cutting head driving device is used to drive the cutting head along the z-axis direction according to the program, which is composed of a servo motor and a screw or gear.

7, console: To control the entire cutting device work process.

8, chillers: for cooling laser generator. Lasers are devices that convert energy into light, such as YAG lasers, where the conversion rate is generally 20%, and the remaining energy is transformed into heat. The cooling water takes away excess heat to keep the laser generator working properly. The chiller also cools the external light path reflector and focus mirror of the machine tool to ensure the stable beam transmission quality, and effectively prevents the lens temperature from being too high and causing deformation or burst.

9, Cylinders: including laser working medium cylinders and auxiliary cylinders, used to supplement the laser shock industrial gas and supply cutting head auxiliary gas.

10, air compressor, gas tank: to provide and store compressed air.

11, air cooling dryer, filter: For the laser generator and beam path to provide clean dry air, in order to maintain the normal operation of access and mirrors.

12, Exhaust dust machine: extraction of dust and dust produced during processing, and filter treatment, so that exhaust emissions in line with environmental protection standards.

13, slag removal machine: the elimination of processing when the corner of surplus material and scrap.


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